step 3.dos. Adherence to Mediterranean Diet, Alcohol consumption and you may Local Items

Most of the pupils participated voluntarily after signing new informed consent. Your panels acquired a great statement regarding Andalusian Committee to have Biomedical Research while the data was in fact handled anonymously all the time and presented according to the prices of your own Declaration away from Helsinki.

3.1. Socio-Market Characteristics

Overall, 311 ladies participated in this study, having a hateful age of ± dos.56 ages, a mean height out-of ± 6.22cm, a mean weight regarding ± 9.forty-eight kilogram and you may an effective Bmi away from ± 3.17 m 2 /kilogram. With regards to the Bmi category around the world Wellness Company (WHO), 5.5% was underweight, 78.8% was normal lbs, several.5% were heavy and you may 3.2% from participants was basically obese .

The common score toward KIDMED Measure are six.fourteen ± 2.39 for everybody members. Around fifteen.1% (47) got reasonable adherence with the MD, 55.3% (172) got average adherence, and you will 29.6% (92) got high adherence. Zero differences was basically discover when comparing adherence on the MD once the a function of this new sociodemographic parameters analyzed.

An average alcohol based drinks was dos.64 ± step three.43 SDU, having 0 SDU as being the minimum consumption and you may 31 SDU the latest restriction worry about-reported use. About the usage of regional food, 5.5% ate berries every day and 88.4% consumed vegetable oil each and every day. About your use of recovered ham, 35.7% of your own participants stated consuming it weekly.

3.step 3. Diet and Characteristics of one’s Cycle

When analyzing the mean scores of the KIDMED questionnaire of adhesion to the MD and comparing this among women with irregular (6.20 ± 2.59) and regular (6.10 ± 2.30) cycles, no differences were found (p > 0.05). Furthermore, there was no correlation between the KIDMED score and cycle length (r = ?0.066, p > 0.05), nor with the duration of menses (r = 0.029, p > 0.05). Regarding the amount of menstrual flow, a higher mean KIDMED score was found among women with heavy menstrual flow (6.86 ± 2.10) compared to those with a medium amount of flow (5.83 ± 2.43) (p < 0.01).

After grouping the participants into three categories according to the interpretation of the KIDMED, as described in the previous literature, and comparing their menstrual cycle characteristics ( Table step one ), statistically significant differences were only found for the length of the menstrual cycle, which was longer in women with low adherence to the MD (p < 0.01).

Table 1

Whenever examining alcohol consumption measured for the SDU, and additionally monthly period functions, no variations was indeed included in reference to frequency, level of circulate or time of menses. A confident relationship was only found ranging from SDU away from alcoholic beverages and you may duration size (r = 0.119, p = 0.038).

Concerning your use of local food (ham, strawberry and you may olive-oil) and also the reference to diet and this new menstrual features of women, statistically high variations was indeed simply located when you compare the level of menstrual move of females which ate olive-oil day-after-day and the ones whom don’t (p = 0.044). Thus, in females exactly who consumed olive oil daily, a lesser percentage of ladies were clinically determined to have severe bleeding (21.8%) rather than twenty five% among women that failed to consume organic olive oil. Regarding the each week use of recovered serrano ham, a greater number of women who consumed ham with this particular frequency said significant bleeding (30.6%) as opposed to those who don’t (17.5%) (p ? 0.01).

step 3.cuatro. Diet and Monthly period Pain

No difference in the mean KIDMED Scale score was found between women with menstrual pain (6.13 ± 2.38) and those without (6.17 ± 2.44) or when comparing groups with different MD adherence. In the item-by-item comparison of participants’ responses to the KIDMED questionnaire between women who suffered from menstrual pain and those who did not, statistically significant differences were only found in relation gay hookup Kalgoorlie to Item 2 of the KIDMED questionnaire referring to fruit consumption ( Table 2 ). More women without dysmenorrhea consumed a second piece of fruit compared to women with dysmenorrhea (p < 0.05). In the regression model, this item was identified as a protective factor for dysmenorrhea, observing that not consuming a second piece of fruit increased the probability of suffering this pain by 2.984 (95%CI = 1.390–6.406; p < 0.05). Item 7, which corresponded with “Likes pulses and eats them >1/week” was also identified as a risk factor, which increased this likelihood by 2.320 (95%CI = 1.006–5.348) times ( Table 3 ). In relation to the consumption of typical local foods and menstrual pain, daily strawberry consumption among women without dysmenorrhea was higher (11.4%) than among those with dysmenorrhea (4.7%). The percentage of women who consumed olive oil daily was higher among those who did not suffer from dysmenorrhea (91.4%) than among those who did (88%), however this difference was not significant. The percentage of women who ate cured Serrano ham on a weekly basis was slightly higher but not significant in women who suffered from dysmenorrhea (35.9%) compared to those who did not (34.3%). Neither was there any difference in alcohol consumption measured in SDU between the two groups.